As we get older our eyesight changes and almost all of us will need to wear glasses or contact lenses by the time we are 65.
Here is some advice about how to keep your eyes as healthy as possible.
Have regular eye tests
An eye test is not just good for checking whether your glasses are up to date. It's also a vital check on the health of your eyes.
An eye test can pick up eye diseases, such as glaucoma and cataracts, as well as health problems, including diabetes.If you're 60 or over, you can have a free NHS eye test every two years. You can have a free test every year if you're 70 or over.
Wear the correct lenses
An eye test will establish whether you need a different prescription for your glasses or contact lenses.
It's important to wear the correct prescription lenses to improve your quality of life and reduce the risk of accidents, such as falls.
Ways to keep your eyes healthy
- Quit smoking. Smoking can increase your risk of developing conditions such as cataracts.
- Eat well. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is important for your eyes. Eating plenty of vegetables and fruit will benefit your overall health and may help protect against some conditions such as cataracts and age-related macular degeneration.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of diabetes and can lead to sight loss.
- Exercise. Good circulation and oxygen intake are important for eye health. Both of these are stimulated by regular exercise.
- Wear sunglasses Strong sunlight can damage your eyes and may increase your risk of cataracts. Wear sunglasses or contact lenses with a built-in UV filter to protect your eyes from harmful rays.
- Use good lighting. To see well, your eyes need three times as much light when you're 60 as they did when you were 20. You can increase the daylight in your home by having curtains pulled back and keeping windows clean. Ensure you have good electric lighting, especially at the top and bottom of stairs so you can see the steps clearly. For reading or close work, use a direct light from a flexible table lamp, positioned so the light is not reflected by the page and causing glare.
- Sleep well. Sleep is good for your eyes. As you sleep your eyes are continuously lubricated and irritants, such as dust or smoke that may have accumulated during the day are cleared out.
Let us know in the comments section below any top tips you have found that help with your own eye health. We'd Love to hear from you!